Automated driving not only represents the next step in the evolution of technology, it also provides added value in various ways, especially for the driver. Benefits include relaxation, more time, enhanced safety, greater comfort and convenience, improved and more efficient mobility and - last but not least- the possibility to move around with less impact on the environment.
Autonomous driving will make our personal mobility a more comfortable experience and help attain other important objectives as well: greater road safety, zero road accidents and smoother flowing traffic, not to mention lower fuel consumption and emissions.
- Traffic Jam Assistant: Traffic jams are physically strenuous, strain the driver's nerves, and carry an elevated risk of rear-end collisions. This automated driving application helps to eliminate this risk. The driver can simply push a button to delegate the task to the vehicle. Braking, starting, and keeping a proper safety gap all take place with the drivers’ hands off the steering wheel.
- Parking Companion: This feature lets any driver easily cope with any parking space. The vehicle automatically scans parking areas for a suitable space while passing by and then offers that space to the driver. If the driver accepts the suggestion, the vehicle takes care of the rest: steering, controlled acceleration and braking right up to the final parking position.
- Cruising Chauffeur: Long drives on the highway become more relaxing. Once activated, the vehicle takes over from the driver and cruises along the highway adjusting its speed to traffic conditions and regulations. The vehicle stays safely in the lane. The driver does not have to take over again until exiting the highway - which the vehicle announces ahead of time.
- Remote "Garage Parking": This feature makes parking the vehicle in the garage a lot easier. On the approach to the garage, the Surround View cameras detect pathway and garage. The driver gets out and delegates the maneuvering within private property and the garage parking maneuver to the vehicle. The cameras detect the garage structure and the vehicle is automatically guided along the inside walls to a final halt. The vehicle is then left in a safe mode and final parking position.
- Integrity and High precision positioning device: innovative positioning with a high degree of data fusion from different vehicle sensors and exploitation of key technological differentiators such as the "precise point positioning" service (PPP), the potential use of the Galileo ionospheric model and provision of an "integrity layer" to assess the trustworthiness of the position information provided by the device. The use of the "integrity layer" is crucial: in safety-critical applications it is often said to be more important to know whether or not information is reliable than the precise information itself.
"Safety-oriented" positioning technology capitalizing on the integration of multiple sources of positioning information (multiple satellite constellations, multiple signal frequencies, and multiple onboard sensors including maps) and high accuracy services.
- Liability technology: Autonomous car technology will keep down the number of accidents with a concomitant increase of safety. However, whenever harm does occur to persons or property, there is then a need for the right liability allocation mechanisms. As autonomous cars shift the responsibility of driving from humans to autonomous car technology, there is a need for existing liability laws to evolve in order to fairly identify the appropriate remedies for damage and injury. Increased use of autonomous car technologies (e.g. advanced driver-assistance systems) is not only causing incremental shifts in this responsibility of driving but also reducing the frequency of on-the-road accidents. As higher levels of autonomy are commercially introduced (level 3&4), the insurance industry stands to see greater proportions of commercial and product liability lines, while personal automobile insurance shrinks.
GMV, as one of the key stakeholders in the deployment of the authentication services of Galileo, has been working for more than 30 years on authentication and integrity of satellite navigation solutions. Galileo will ensure trustworthiness of the satellite signal information used onboard the vehicle, helping to clarify liabilities in autonomous driving events.
- The autonomous driving trend is expected to continue. By phasing in innovative new features, everyday cars are likely to move progressively closer to full autonomy. GMV has been working for years on the development of different solutions for each of the autonomy levels.
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